ALVARES


ALVARES
ALVARES (Alvarez), Sephardi family of Marrano descent. The first known to bear the name was SAMUEL DIOS-AYUDA (= Joshua?) of Astorga, baptized as Garcia Alvarez Delcón, probably at the time of the persecutions of 1391. He is sneeringly referred to as "the delight and ornament of Jewry" in an anti-converso satire preserved in the Cancionero de Baena. There were many martyrs of the Inquisition of the name both in the New World and the Old. FERNANDO ALVAREZ (c. 1620–1640) of Bordeaux and later Leghorn, who had returned to Judaism under the name of Abraham de Porto, was one of the few Marranos burned by the Roman Inquisition. DUARTE HENRIQUES was treasurer of the customs in the Canary Islands before escaping in 1653 to England, where, as Daniel Cohen Henriques, he became active in the synagogue. His effigy was burned by the Inquisition in 1658, but seven years later he was denounced again by his own son. ISAAC (died 1683) alias Isaac Israel Nuñes, court jeweler, headed the London Sephardi Community immediately after the Plague and Fire of London: his tombstone, still legible, is written in English alexandrine couplets and praises him because "his fargain'd knowledge in mysterious gems/ sparkled in the European diadems." Joseph Israel Nunez, alias Antonio Alvarez, a jeweler of French origin, lived in Amsterdam in the second half of the 17th century. Isaque Alvares lived in Bayonne in the 17th century. We find Rodrigo Alvarez in Cologne and Emanuel Alvares in Hamburg in the 16th century. In America, the name figures in the Jewish community from the beginning of the 18th century (SOLOMON, distiller in New York in 1703). The English musician ELI PARISH-ALVARS (1808–1849) presumably belonged to this family. The Alvares Correa family lived in Brazil. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Wolf, Jews in Canary Islands (1926), index; J. Caro Baroja, Los Judíos en la España moderna (1962), index; Rosenbloom, Biogr. Dict. 7; Roth, Marranos, index; JHSET and JHSEM, index volume. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Barnett and W. Schwab (eds.), The Western Sephardim (1989), index. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Álvares — ist ein patronymisch gebildeter portugiesischer Familienname mit der Bedeutung „Sohn des Álvaro“. Namensträger Álvares de Azevedo (1831–1852), brasilianischer Schriftsteller Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares (1836–1923), Metropolit der Erzdiözese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Álvares — Alvares Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Alvares ou Álvares est un patronyme d origine portugaise notamment porté par : Antônio Álvares da Cunha (1700 1791), un noble et un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alvares — steht für: Álvares, einen portugiesischen Familiennamen Alvares (Fluss), einen Fluss in Spanien Alvares (Góis), eine Gemeinde in Spanien Siehe auch: Alvarez Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alvares — (spr. álwarēs), Fernam, mit Zunamen do Oriente (weil aus Goa gebürtig), portug. Dichter, geboren um 1540, gest. 1599, soll bei Alcacer Quebir gekämpft haben und in Gefangenschaft geraten sein. Philipp II. begünstigte ihn 1584 mit der Erlaubnis zu …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Álvares —   [ alvarɪʃ], Balt(h)azar (auch Baltasar), portugiesischer Baumeister, ✝ um 1624; begann 1598 den Bau des Klosters São Bento in Lissabon (heute Parlamentsgebäude) und schuf zahlreiche an italienischen Vorbildern orientierte Jesuitenkirchen, oft… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alvares — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Alvares ou Álvares est un patronyme d origine portugaise notamment porté par : Antônio Álvares da Cunha (1700 1791), un noble et un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alvares — Recorded in the spellings of Alvares, Alvares, Alvar, Alvaro, Alvarado, Alves, and the original Albarez, this Spanish and Portugese surname originates from the German tribes of some ancient repute known as the Goths or Vizigoths. These fierce… …   Surnames reference

  • Álvares de Azevedo — Retrato. Nacimiento 12 de septiembre de 1831 São Paulo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Álvares Machado — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Álvares de Azevedo — Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo (* 12. September 1831 in São Paulo; † 25. April 1852 in Rio de Janeiro) war ein brasilianischer Schriftsteller. Azevedo war der größte Vertreter in der brasilianischen Literatur der Schwarzen Romantik von Lord By …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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